Royal Society Publishing

The Boltzmann Equation and the One-Fluid Hydromagnetic Equations in the Absence of Particle Collisions

G. F. Chew, M. L. Goldberger, F. E. Low


Starting from the Boltzmann equation for a completely ionized dilute gas with no inter-particle collision term but a strong Lorentz force, an attempt is made to obtain one-fluid hydromagnetic equations by expanding in the ion mass to charge ratio. It is shown that the electron degrees of freedom can be replaced by a macroscopic current, but true hydrodynamics still does not result unless some special circumstance suppresses the transport of pressure along magnetic lines of force. If the longitudinal transport of pressure is ignored, a set of self-contained one-fluid hydromagnetic equations can be found even though the pressure is not a scalar.

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