The theory relating to the interaction of entropy fluctuations ('hot spots'), as well as vorticity and pressure, with blade rows is described. A basic feature of the model is that the blade rows have blades of sufficiently short chord that this is negligible in comparison with the wavelength of the disturbances. For the interaction of entropy with a blade row to be important, it is essential that the steady pressure change across the blade row should be large, although all unsteady perturbations are assumed small. A number of idealized examples have been calculated, beginning with isolated blade rows, progressing to single and then to several turbine stages. Finally, the model has been used to predict the low-frequency rearward-radiated acoustic power from a commercial turbojet engine. Following several assumptions, together with considerable empirical data, the correct trend and level are predicted, suggesting the mechanism to be important at low jet velocities.