Royal Society Publishing

Nonlinear Dynamics, Chaos and Complex Cardiac Arrhythmias

L. Glass, A. L. Goldberger, M. Courtemanche, A. Shrier

Abstract

Periodic stimulation of a nonlinear cardiac oscillator in vitro gives rise to complex dynamics that is well described by one-dimensional finite difference equations. As stimulation parameters are varied, a large number of different phase locked and chaotic rhythms is observed. Similar rhythms can be observed in the intact human heart when there is interaction between two pacemaker sites. Simplified models are analysed, which show some correspondence to clinical observations.

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