Royal Society Publishing

Harmonic Wavelet Analysis

David E. Newland


A new harmonic wavelet is suggested. Unlike wavelets generated by discrete dilation equations, whose shape cannot be expressed in functional form, harmonic wavelets have the simple structure w(x) = {exp(i4$\pi $x)-exp(i2$\pi $x)}/i2$\pi $x. This function w(x) is concentrated locally around x = 0, and is orthogonal to its own unit translations and octave dilations. Its frequency spectrum is confined exactly to an octave band so that it is compact in the frequency domain (rather than in the x domain). An efficient implementation of a discrete transform using this wavelet is based on the fast Fourier transform (FFT). Fourier coefficients are processed in octave bands to generate wavelet coefficients by an orthogonal transformation which is implemented by the FFT. The same process works backwards for the inverse transform.

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