The monotonic and non-monotonic variations of atomic properties within and between the rows of the periodic table underlie our understanding of chemistry and accounting for these variations has been a signature strength of quantum mechanics (QM). However, the computational burden of QM motivates the development of more efficient means of describing electrons and reactivity. The recently developed LEWIS• model incorporates lessons learnt from QM into a force field that includes electrons as explicit pseudo-classical particles. Here, we extend LEWIS• across the 2p and 3p elements, and show that it is capable of reproducing both monotonic and non-monotonic variations of chemically important atomic properties in a cost-effective manner. An indicator of the strength of the construct is the ability of pairwise potentials trained on ionization energies and the order of spin configurations to predict atomic polarizabilities. In this manner, some insights of QM are uncoupled from its onerous computational burden.
- Received June 3, 2015.
- Accepted July 28, 2015.
- © 2015 The Author(s)
Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved.