Origami geometric design is fundamental to many engineering applications of origami structures. This paper presents a new method for the design of three-dimensional (3D) origami structures suitable for engineering use. Using input point sets specified, respectively, in the x−z and y−z planes of a Cartesian coordinate system, the proposed method generates the coordinates of the vertices of a folded origami structure, whose fold lines are then defined by straight line segments each connecting two adjacent vertices. It is mathematically guaranteed that the origami structures obtained by this method are developable. Moreover, an algorithm to simulate the unfolding process from designed 3D configurations to planar crease patterns is provided. The validity and versatility of the proposed method are demonstrated through several numerical examples ranging from Miura-Ori to cylinder and curved-crease designs. Furthermore, it is shown that the proposed method can be used to design origami structures to support two given surfaces.
- Received June 17, 2015.
- Accepted July 30, 2015.
- © 2015 The Author(s)
Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved.