We have investigated the attachment of azobenzene photochromic switches on the modified surface of cadmium sulfide (CdS) quantum dots (QDs). The modification of CdS QDs is done by varying the concentration of the capping agent (mercaptoacetic acid) and NH3 in order to control the size of the QDs. The X-ray diffraction studies revealed that the crystallite size of CdS QDs ranged from 6 to 10 nm. The azobenzene photochromic derivatives bis(4-hydroxybenzene-1-azo)4,4′(1,1′ diphenylmethane) (I) and 4,4′-diazenyldibenzoic acid (II) were synthesized and attached with surface-modified CdS QDs to make fluorophore–photochrome CdS-(I) and CdS-(II) dyad assemblies. Upon UV irradiation, the photochromic compounds (I) and (II) undergo a reversible trans–cis isomerization. The photo-induced trans–cis transformation helps to transfer photo-excited electrons from the conduction band of the CdS QDs to the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital of cis isomer of photochromic compounds (I) and (II). As a result, the fluorescence of CdS-(I) and CdS-(II) dyads is suppressed approximately five times compared to bare CdS QDs. The fluorescence modulation in such systems could help to design luminescent probes for bioimaging applications.
- Received October 2, 2015.
- Accepted January 28, 2016.
- © 2016 The Author(s)
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