PT - JOURNAL ARTICLE
AU - Keating, J. P.
AU - Prado, S. D.
TI - Orbit bifurcations and the scarring of wave functions
DP - 2001 Jul 08
TA - Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
PG - 1855--1872
VI - 457
IP - 2012
4099 - http://rspa.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/457/2012/1855.short
4100 - http://rspa.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/457/2012/1855.full
AB - We extend the semiclassical theory of scarring of quantum eigenfunctions ψn(q) by classical periodic orbits to include situations where these orbits undergo generic bifurcations. It is shown that |ψn(q)|2, averaged locally with respect to position q and the energy spectrum {En}, has structure around bifurcating periodic orbits with an amplitude and length-scale whose ℏ dependence is determined by the bifurcation in question. Specifically, the amplitude scales as ℏα and the length-scale as ℏω, and values of the scar exponents, α and ω, are computed for a variety of generic bifurcations. In each case, the scars are semiclassically wider than those associated with isolated and unstable periodic orbits; moreover, their amplitude is at least as large, and in most cases larger. In this sense, bifurcations may be said to give rise to superscars. The competition between the contributions from different bifurcations to determine the moments of the averaged eigenfunction amplitude is analysed. We argue that there is a resulting universal ℏ scaling in the semiclassical asymptotics of these moments for irregular states in systems with mixed phase-space dynamics. Finally, a number of these predictions are illustrated by numerical computations for a family of perturbed cat maps.