RT Journal Article
SR Electronic
T1 Classification of conservation laws of compressible isentropic fluid flow in *n*>1 spatial dimensions
JF Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Science
FD The Royal Society
DO 10.1098/rspa.2009.0072
A1 Anco, Stephen C.
A1 Dar, Amanullah
YR 2009
UL http://rspa.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/early/2009/05/28/rspa.2009.0072.abstract
AB For the Euler equations governing compressible isentropic fluid flow with a barotropic equation of state (where pressure is a function only of the density), local conservation laws in n>1 spatial dimensions are fully classified in two primary cases of physical and analytical interest: (i) kinematic conserved densities that depend only on the fluid density and velocity, in addition to the time and space coordinates, and (ii) vorticity conserved densities that have an essential dependence on the curl of the fluid velocity. A main result of the classification in the kinematic case is that the only equation of state found to be distinguished by admitting extra n-dimensional conserved integrals, apart from mass, momentum, energy, angular momentum and Galilean momentum (which are admitted for all equations of state), is the well-known polytropic equation of state with a dimension-dependent exponent, γ=1+2/n. In the vorticity case, no distinguished equations of state are found to arise, and here the main result of the classification is that, in all even dimensions n≥2, a generalized version of Kelvin’s two-dimensional circulation theorem is obtained for a general equation of state.