TY - JOUR
T1 - The air wave surrounding an expanding sphere
JF - Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series A. Mathematical and Physical Sciences
JO - Proc R Soc Lond A Math Phys Sci
SP - 273
LP - 292
M3 - 10.1098/rspa.1946.0044
VL - 186
IS - 1006
AU -
Y1 - 1946/09/24
UR - http://rspa.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/186/1006/273.abstract
N2 - When the surface of a sphere vibrates in any assigned manner the spherical sound waves which are propagated outwards can be represented by wellknown formulae provided that the motion is such that only small changes in air density occur. When the motion of the spherical surface is radial the velocity potential of the sound wave is Φ = r-1ƒ(r-at), (1) where a is the velocity of sound and r is the radial co-ordinate. The velocity, u, and the excess, p —p0, of pressure over the atmospheric pressure p0 are u = r-2ƒ(r - at) — r-1ƒ(r - at), (2) p-p0 = -par-1 ƒ‘(r-at). (3) If R is the radius of the sphere which, by its expansion, is producing waves, R is a function of t and the surface condition is Ṙ = R-2ƒ(R — at) — R-1ƒ'(R — at) (4) Equation (4) is an equation for finding the function ƒ. A simple case in which equation (4) can be solved is when Ṙ is constant so that the sphere is expanding at a uniform velocity. Taking t =0 when R = 0 the radius at time t can be ex1 ressed in the form R = ααt,
ER -